Nascent Israeli Army training manual "The Rifle" 1942 3rd edition reprinted June 1948. Booklet is of standard p/b type from 1948 by "Training Division of the High Command"; this is booklet 3, vol. A of series "Light Weapons Training": cover dated 14 May 1948 (Israel's independence date, before est. IDF) though printing time given as June 1948 (after est. IDF). Thick paper cover w/64 pages & many illustrations. David ('Mickey') Marcus wrote his own training manual for IDF based but these translations of British ones probably reprinted in line with his observation that the Israeli forces lacked even rudimentary military training. Marcus died in June 1948.