Netherlands > Amsterdam: 350th Anniversary of the Jewish (Ashkenazi) Community of Amsterdam medal, 1985; struck in silver; not maker-marked; size: 40.5mm; weight: 35.55g.
Obverse depicts the symbol of the community - a Star of David with the Hebrew letters "Kaf-Alef-Alef" (for Kehilat Ashkenaz Amsterdam), and Dutch legend around edge "Joodse Gemeente Amsterdam (NIHS) 1635 1985).
On reverse the facade of the "New Synagogue" ("Nieuwe Synagoge") with Hebrew dates "5396 5746" (eg. 1635 and 1985, after the Rosh HaShana holiday), and Hebrew legend below ("In the City of Amsterdam"). Marked "Zilver" on rim.
Although Jews lived in Amsterdam since the 15th Century, these were primarily 'Sephardic' Jews (of Iberian origin, escaping the Inquisition); 'Ashkenazi' (East European) Jews began arriving in the 1600's as a result of upheavals in Eastern Europe.
The Ashkenazi community held its first congregation in 1635 though it technically became an independent (ethnic) Jewish community in 1639, and only established its first Synagogue in 1671. In time the community established three more major Synagogues in Amsterdam and all four were built as a complex of 4 structures - the largest of its kind in Europe.
The 'New Synagogue' depicted on the medal was the last of the 4 to be established (1730). In Unc; matte finish - a solid, well made medal.
מילות מפתח: מדליה מדליות בתי כנסת כנסיות יהודיות יודאיקה יודאיכה הולנד