Russia/Soviet Union: Emmerich Kálmán centennary commem. bronze medal, 1983, by Mark G. Salman (Jewish; b. 1938); size: 60mm; weight: 107.2g. Obv.: front-facing Kalman w/dates of birth & death. Rev.: conductor's stick, flying carpets & sheet music over grand set of stairs & arches; "Imre Kalman" in Russian & "Kalman Emmerich" in English. Kalman (1882- 1953) was a Jewish-Hungarian composer of operettas, together w/ Franz Lehár (Catholic) helped bring Viennese operetta to its "silver age" in early 1920's. Both favorites of Hitler's, but Kalman declined Hitler's offer to be "honorary Aryan" & fled. Mintage: 850 pcs.