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Postal History - Baghdad Overland Mail

Subcategories -
Judaic, JNF and Holocaust era (29)
Ottoman Holyland & Forerunners (27)
Holyland Colonies (7)
WWI Military Mail in Palestine (16)
WWI Military Mail (45)
Palestine Mandate (93)
Postmarks & Postal Markings - Mandate (66)
Baghdad Overland Mail (14)
WWII era Postal Links (49)
WWII Military Mail (22)
Red Cross Mail (14)
1948 Israel: Post Office Circulars (4)
1948 Israel: Minhelet Haam/Interim period (11)
1948 Israel: Interim Period Postal Links (2)
1948 Israel: Service Suspended (by non-belligerents) (9)
1948 Israel: Service Suspended (by belligerents) (10)
1948 Israel: Safed (3)
1948 Israel: Nahariya (5)
1948 Israel: Besieged Jerusalem (20 April-20 June) (20)
1948 Israel: emergency postal links (11)
1948 Israel: interim & provisional taxed mail (9)
1948 Israel: Early Postal Links (13)
1948 Israel: Post-Siege Interim Jerusalem (after 20 June) (14)
1947-49 Arabian mail in War of Independence (7)
Israel (110)
Postmarks & Postal Markings - Israel (31)
Israeli Air Mail (52)
Taxed Mail - Israeli Overseas Mail (22)
Taxed Mail - Israeli Domestic Mail (59)
Arab-Israeli mail suspensions 1949-1956 (21)
Arab-Israeli mail suspensions 1956 Sinai Campaign (1)
Arab-Israeli mail suspensions 1957-1967 (8)
Arab-Israeli mail of 1967 War era (18)
Arab-Israeli mail suspensions 1967-1973 (4)
Arab-Israeli mail of 1973 War era (2)
Arab-Israeli mail suspensions 1974-2000s (9)
1990s Gulf Wars mail suspensions (5)
Postkrieg mail (4)
World (12)
Israeli Military mail (6)
Postal Documents (7)
Associated Historical Period:
Associated Countries/Regions
Locales in Holyland/Israel
Object Type:
Special Characteristic:
World Locales A-L
World Locales M-Z
a60939
Westbound mail: 17 APR 1924 registered cover from BAGHDAD to JERUSALEM pre-written "by air mail" but requested sent "overland" per manuscript top right corner; franked 9 Anna per p
110a60939
Westbound mail: 17 APR 1924 registered cover from BAGHDAD to JERUSALEM pre-written "by air mail" but requested sent "overland" per manuscript top right corner; franked 9 Anna per period rate (3A letter + 3A registered fee) using multiple franking of 6x 1½ Anna block & tied by 3 strikes of local postmark; handstamp registry-label on front; backstamped 20 AP 24 REG HAIFA transit & same day REG JERUSALEM arrival. Transported by original route Baghdad - Ramadi - Ruthba - Damascus - Beirut, then rail to Haifa & forwarded locally to JERUSALEM. Slit open at left, peripheral tears; "overland mail" to Palestine is scarce.
Post-Auction Direct Sale $100.00
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a60940
Westbound mail: 28 APR 1925 "Overland Mail Haifa" cover from MOSUL to JERUSALEM addressed in Arabic, Hebrew & English, franked 6 Anna per period rate (3A letter + 3A additional wei
119a60940
Westbound mail: 28 APR 1925 "Overland Mail Haifa" cover from MOSUL to JERUSALEM addressed in Arabic, Hebrew & English, franked 6 Anna per period rate (3A letter + 3A additional weight) using vertical pair 3 A & tied by strike of local postmark; backstamped 2 MY 25 HAIFA transit & next day JERUSALEM arrival (Sach-F3 Krag machine cancel); cut open at left, bottom right corner missing. Transported by original route Baghdad - Ramadi - Ruthba - Damascus - Beirut, then rail to Haifa & transfer to JERUSALEM. Overland mail to Palestine is scarce.
Post-Auction Direct Sale $65.00
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a60941
Eastbound mail: 12 DEC 1929 Templar Bank stationary cover from JAFFA to BUSHEHR Iran, franked 13m using 3m & 10m (Ba91/97) per period "overland" service rate though cover not marke
90a60941
Eastbound mail: 12 DEC 1929 Templar Bank stationary cover from JAFFA to BUSHEHR Iran, franked 13m using 3m & 10m (Ba91/97) per period "overland" service rate though cover not marked such (period non-UK surface rate was 15m) & tied by local machine cancel (GD-45) + sealed at back by business seal; backstamped 20 DEC 29 BAGHDAD transit, 22 DEC [unclear BASRA] transit & 1-1-29(sic; datestamp not correctly updated) BUSHEHR arrival; slit open at bottom. Rare route, nicely documented. Per Collins et. al. "all mail going eastwards is scarce to very rare".
SOLD $62.00
2 bids
The auction closed on Wednesday, 10 October 2018 19:00
a60942
Eastbound mail: 28 JY 1937 OHMS stationary "certified official" cover from Department of Customs HAIFA to Bank in TEHRAN, franked 15m using Ba108 single per period "overland" serv
81a60942
Eastbound mail: 28 JY 1937 OHMS stationary "certified official" cover from Department of Customs HAIFA to Bank in TEHRAN, franked 15m using Ba108 single per period "overland" service rate though cover not marked such (period non-UK surface rate was 20m) & tied by local postmark (GD-43); front tied by boxed cachet Sach-6a & endorsed; backstamped next day(?) JERUSALEM transit, 4 AUG 37 BAGHDAD transit & 8 VIII 37 TEHERAN arrival; slit open at top. Nicely documented route via JERUSALEM eastwards (this being June 1930 supplementary route on Mon/Wed/Fri via Amman to rail via Damascus on alternate days); unusual combination of "certified official"with franking (similar displayed Collins p.87). Per Collins et. al. "all mail going eastwards is scarce to very rare".
SOLD $77.00
2 bids
The auction closed on Wednesday, 10 October 2018 19:00
a60943
Eastbound mail: 11 OC 1937 commerical cover from Bank of Rome JERUSALEM to TEHERAN, franked 15m using 3x 5m horizontal ribbed (Ba93) per period "overland" service rate though cover
75a60943
Eastbound mail: 11 OC 1937 commerical cover from Bank of Rome JERUSALEM to TEHERAN, franked 15m using 3x 5m horizontal ribbed (Ba93) per period "overland" service rate though cover not marked such (period non-UK surface rate was 20m) & tied by 2 strikes of local postmark; backstamped 16 OCT 37 BAGHDAD transit & 20 X 37 TEHERAN arrival; slit open at top. Scarce east-bound mail originating in JERUSALEM. Per Collins et. al. "all mail going eastwards is scarce to very rare".
SOLD $62.00
2 bids
The auction closed on Wednesday, 10 October 2018 19:00
a60944
Eastbound mail: 16 MY 1938 cover from Iranian Consulate in Palestine JERUSALEM to TEHERAN, franked 15m using 5m & 10m (Ba93/97) per period "overland" service rate though cover not
81a60944
Eastbound mail: 16 MY 1938 cover from Iranian Consulate in Palestine JERUSALEM to TEHERAN, franked 15m using 5m & 10m (Ba93/97) per period "overland" service rate though cover not marked such (period non-UK surface rate was 20m) & tied by 2 strikes of local postmark; backstamped 21 MAY 38 BAGHDAD transit & 25 V 38 TEHERAN arrival; slit open at top. Scarce east-bound mail originating in JERUSALEM. Per Collins et. al. "all mail going eastwards is scarce to very rare".
SOLD $62.00
2 bids
The auction closed on Wednesday, 10 October 2018 19:00
a60945
WWII oddly routed eastbound mail: 8 NO 1941 cover on Windsor Hotel stationary from HAIFA to "Nairn Transport Co. Ltd" (operators of "Baghdad overland" service) DAMASCUS, franked 15
120a60945
WWII oddly routed eastbound mail: 8 NO 1941 cover on Windsor Hotel stationary from HAIFA to "Nairn Transport Co. Ltd" (operators of "Baghdad overland" service) DAMASCUS, franked 15m using 5m & 10m (Ba93/97) per period "overland" service rate though cover not marked such (period non-UK surface rate was 20m) & tied by strike of local postmark; cover opened/resealed by a Haifa censor using red label but then UNUSUAL ROUTING (undocumented): backstamped 23 NOV 1941 BAGHDAD transit + frontstamped Iraqi "Propaganda Directorate General | Censor 2" purple handstamp (AJ-Type-Civ4); backstamped 1 XII 1941 DAMAS & cover opened/resealed by Free French censor (using gray label) & tied by local 'Cross of Lorraine' circular cachet Type-1E1 on front & back - no censor signatures as cover predate the period (Jan 1942-). Normal route would have been Damascus via Beirut but here westwards via Baghdad for undocumented reasons (destination was no longer combat zone as of Aug. 1941). Slit open at bottom. Per Collins et. al. "all mail going eastwards is scarce to very rare".
SOLD $101.00
2 bids
The auction closed on Wednesday, 10 October 2018 19:00
a60946
WWII period westbound Baghdad overland mail: 4 DEC 1942 uprated postcard in Hebrew from ABADAN Iran to TEL AVIV franked 1.50R; transported by land via Baghdad (7 DEC machine cancel
122a60946
WWII period westbound Baghdad overland mail: 4 DEC 1942 uprated postcard in Hebrew from ABADAN Iran to TEL AVIV franked 1.50R; transported by land via Baghdad (7 DEC machine cancel transit mark on back; "not examined" censor cachet on front) & passed T6 Palestine censor in TEL AVIV. Written by child on 1st day of Chanukka holiday and references children's camp; return addressed Anglo-Iranian Oil Company: during WWII the refinery attracted Jews from all over Iran, including Iraqi Jews & Palestinian Jews working for 'Solel Boneh'. As writer's name Ashkenazi and addressee is 'care of' Anglo Palestine Bank, sender probably from among the Palestinian Jews in Abidan. Scarce origin; overland mail to Palestine is scarce.
SOLD $60.00
1 bid
The auction closed on Wednesday, 10 October 2018 19:00
a60947
WWII period westbound overland mail from India: 12 MAY 1943 commercial cover on business stationary from BOMBAY to JERUSALEM, franked (on back) 3½ Anna & tied by local machine canc
118a60947
WWII period westbound overland mail from India: 12 MAY 1943 commercial cover on business stationary from BOMBAY to JERUSALEM, franked (on back) 3½ Anna & tied by local machine cancellation; opened & resealed by Bombay censor - label tied by octogonal cachet on back & local DHC/314 censor handstamp on front; as of 29 June 1940 all mail from India to Palestine sent via Baghdad overland mail service (no transit marks as this not registered mail) - here unusually long transit time as front-stamped 27 JU 1943 JERUSALEM arrival where censored by KK/4 (octogonal cachet on front): here re-routed to BEIRUT & sent via CAIRO, whose 1 JLY transit is backstamped & passed local censor (marks on front, reverse imprints on back); per Type-10A censor day-date stamp ("8") on front, cover received for censoring in BEIRUT on 5 July + tied by unidentified 2-digit roman typeface "23" censor date key (Type-8C2); per Type-10B censor day-date stamp ("9") on back, cover released from censor 6 July whereupon front-stamped by 'Cross of Lorraine' circular censor cachet Type-1B6 & entered into civilian postal system same day & backstamped by machine slogan cancel; about 7 week transit time. As not opened for inspection by the BEIRUT censor, cover not number-signed in manuscript. Well documented postal handling with 9 censor marks of 4 postal authorities + scarce routing; overland mail to Palestine is scarce.
SOLD $77.00
2 bids
The auction closed on Wednesday, 10 October 2018 19:00
a60948
WWII period eastbound Baghdad overland mail: 14 JUN 1943 "Hebrew" correspondence cover from HAIFA to addressee care-of Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. ABADAN Iran, franked 15m (using Ba108)
144a60948
WWII period eastbound Baghdad overland mail: 14 JUN 1943 "Hebrew" correspondence cover from HAIFA to addressee care-of Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. ABADAN Iran, franked 15m (using Ba108) per period "overland" service though cv not marked such (period non-UK surface rate was 20m) & tied by strike of local postmark; cover opened/resealed by Haifa censor KK/36117 (Sacher attributes it to label Q16 [for incoming mail, Apr. 1943] but here used on Q17 label); backstamped 20 JUN 43 BAGHDAD Sorting office transit & 23 VI 43 ABADAN arrival + front marked by Iraqi censor "7". Transported by bi-weekly route Haifa - Damascus by rail, then to Baghdad by "overland" service & on to Persia. Slit open at left. Per Collins et. al. "all mail going eastwards is scarce to very rare".
SOLD $62.00
2 bids
The auction closed on Wednesday, 10 October 2018 19:00
a60949
WWII period westbound Baghdad overland mail from Iran: 26 X 1943 registered airmail cover from TEHERAN to HAIFA, franked (on back, covering most of return address) 22D & tied by mu
88a60949
WWII period westbound Baghdad overland mail from Iran: 26 X 1943 registered airmail cover from TEHERAN to HAIFA, franked (on back, covering most of return address) 22D & tied by multiple strikes of local postmark + Persian air mail etiquette on front; opened/resealed locally & tied by #4 Russian & #15 English "Anglo-Soviet-Persian Censorship" handstamp (front/back) + Persian "7" censor cachet (front); backstamped 8 NOV 43 BAGHDAD REG transit & 15 NO 43 REG HAIFA arrival; slit open at left. Long 3-week transit time, suggesting that the cover was actually transported via the Baghdad overland route. If transmitted by air the cover may have been carried by ISA to BAGHDAD (Habbaniyah), then via BOAC on leg of "Horseshoe Route" to TIBERIAS - but this not indicated by the postal markings. Joint Allied-Persian censorship began c. Aug 1942 & ended c. autumn 1945. Interestingly cover not censored in Palestine. Overland mail to Palestine is scarce.
Post-Auction Direct Sale $100.00
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a60950
Taxed eastbound mail: c. JULY 1945 commercial cover (from HAIFA?) to TEHERAN, sent via overland service via Baghdad but underfranked at 10m (15m was period rate), tied by machine c
126a60950
Taxed eastbound mail: c. JULY 1945 commercial cover (from HAIFA?) to TEHERAN, sent via overland service via Baghdad but underfranked at 10m (15m was period rate), tied by machine cancel; backstamped 29 JLY 1945 BAGHDAD transit, where cover censored (front); probably at this stage of transmission, cover damaged: backstamped 15 IX 45 TEHERAN arrival (6 week transit), marked for tax on front (uncollected) + opened/resealed & censored by Anglo-Soviet-Iranian censor (front/back); manuscript on back/front (Farsi?) suggests cover could not be delivered, so returned to sender; received HAIFA 1 NO 45 where top of cover sealed by "Found Open or Damaged" sealing label & tied by local postmark; backstamped 3 NO 45 JERUSALEM RLO (as no return address visible). Unusual 4+ month transit time/occurence. Per Collins et. al. "all mail going eastwards is scarce to very rare".
Post-Auction Direct Sale $100.00
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a60951
Late period westbound Baghdad overland mail from Iran: 9 XI 1946 registered airmail cover from Jewish Agency TEHRAN to the Jewish National Fund head office JERUSALEM, franked 26R o
129a60951
Late period westbound Baghdad overland mail from Iran: 9 XI 1946 registered airmail cover from Jewish Agency TEHRAN to the Jewish National Fund head office JERUSALEM, franked 26R on back & tied by 2 strikes of local postmark; backstamped 13 NOV 46 REG BAGHDAD transit postmark & 15 NOV 46 REG JERUSALEM arrival; opened roughly at top, complete. Interestingly not censored in Palestine. Rare origin & route: as per the week-long transit time it is probable that the cover was transported via the Baghdad overland service and not by air mail: Collins notes that by this time no special instructional marking handstamp would be needed as overland was the default route to/from Palestine, making this a late-period cover transported via this route. The Jewish Agency's Tehran office opened on 23 June 1943. Overland mail to Palestine is scarce.
Post-Auction Direct Sale $120.00
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a60951b
LATEST RECORED "Baghdad Overland" SPECIFIED [westbound] mail: 20 MAR 1946 registered Jewish family correspondence cover from BAGHDAD to TEL AVIV
55a60951b

LATEST RECORED "Baghdad Overland" SPECIFIED [westbound] mail: 20 MAR 1946 registered Jewish family correspondence cover from BAGHDAD to TEL AVIV, franked 60F & tied by strike of BAGHDAD AS-SAMAWAL pmk + 1x on back; marked "Overland Mail" in m/s - this being latest recorded cover specifying this route & tied by large pre-printed R-label; b/s same day REG BAGHDAD transit, 25 MR 46 REG J'LEM transit & next day REG TLV arr.; torn open at back & repaired, complete. Scarce destination locale. Collins notes that by this time no special instructional marking would be needed as overland was the default route to/from Palestine.

Post-Auction Direct Sale $150.00
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