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71306
4-5 Feb. 1861 1st day of Confederacy/Civil War mail using US Postage
11971306
Independent States & CSA Use of US Postage > Georgia & South Carolina - 1st Day of the Confederacy: Feb. 4 1861 (1st Day of Confederacy) docketed cover from SAVANNAH Georgia to CHARLESTON South Carolina, franked 3c per period (US) domestic letter rate using US #26 dull red Washington Type III stamp, tied by round grid obliterator & FEB 5 [1861] local circular date-stamp in field (1st full day of the Confederacy); addressed to Mrs Isabella Woodruff Care Mrs. Roberts Orphan House. The earlier dated docketing, in the absense of the original letter, suggests the cover may have been couriered from the locale of the sender and deposited at the post office in SAVANNAH, where postmarked/dispatched the next day.

Georgia seceded from the Union on 19 Jan. 1861, becoming an independent state for 16-17 days (per Walske, 17; per CSA catalogue, 16); the Confederacy is generally considered established as of 4 Feb. with the start of the Convention of the 7 Seceding States, which included Georgia & South Carolina (the Confederacy was formally established on the 8th). Here a cover handled & dated during the State of Georgia's last day of independence AND 1st day in the Confederacy - using US postage and the US postal service (this suspended to the Confederacy as of 1 June 1861) + and 1st day inter-Confederacy mail. Slightly reduced at top with tiny edge tear. Some correspondents record the number of their letters: the overwritten "12" with "13" on the front, whose ink corresponds to the additional text in the address, may indicate that this letter was originally intended to be the 12th in the series and later changed to the 13th.


Product Tags: America,American, Confederate States of American Philately - Postal Covers, American Civil War - Confederate States of America and Postal History from United States, Confederate States of America and from 1861-65 American Civil War, 19th Century which are Philately - Multiple Postal Authority/Period mail, Philately - significant cachets & postal markings, Philately - Earliest/Latest, First/Last & Proving dates or places, Philately - Significant Rates/Periods, Philately - Significant franks on covers, Object Related Specifically to a Personality or Key Event,
Unsold: may be available for sale $749.00
The auction closed on Tuesday, 16 April 2019 20:00
71307
31 May/1 June 1861 Last Day US/1st Day Confederate Civil War Postal Service mail
11771307
Independent States & CSA Use of US Postage > Louisiana - Last Day of US Postage/Postal Service: local Louisiana May 31 [1861] postmarked 3c star-die envelope (US #U26) from DONALDSONVILLE to MANCHAC, with frank tied by round grid obliterator & near full strike of local postmark on last day of US postage & postal service before the Confederacy took this over on 1 June 1861. Docketing at left references John J. Drake, Esq., June 1st 1861 [arrival], Manchac, La. - cover displays both key dates of last day US postal service & 1st day Confederate service (on which day these 3c star die envelopes were demonetized); addressee is James H. Ventress, Jr. of Manchac: Ventress Jr. (1834-1872) was a wealthy planter & large slave holder; later Captain, then Major of the 11th Louisiana Infantry, a unit organized in July 1861. The 11th La. Inf. was captured at Island No. 10 in April 1862. MANCHAC was an obscure small post office in East Baton Rouge Parish, for which the CSA Catalogue records no outbound mail. Top back flap missing.


Product Tags: America,American, Confederate States of American Philately - Postal Covers, American Civil War - Confederate States of America and Postal History from United States, Confederate States of America and from 1861-65 American Civil War, 19th Century which are Philately - Multiple Postal Authority/Period mail, Philately - significant cachets & postal markings, Philately - Earliest/Latest, First/Last & Proving dates or places, Philately - Significant Rates/Periods, Philately - Significant Addresses/Persons, Object Related Specifically to a Personality or Key Event,
Unsold: may be available for sale $749.00
The auction closed on Tuesday, 16 April 2019 20:00
71308
1 June 1861 1st Day Confederate Postal service MOBILE to MACON Civil War mail
10871308
1st Day of the Confederate Postal System: front of stampless JUN 1 1861 postmarked cover from MOBILE Alabama to Dr. W. Hopkins of MACON Mississippi, tied by near-full strike of full-dated double ringed datestamp & boxed PAID 5 handstamp (CSA cat type B - similar but slightly different "5" digit); professionally rebacked. The postage rate used here was the new 5 cent domestic letter rate for distances of under 500 miles, replacing the US 3 cent rate which was in effect until 31 May. As of 1 June, all US postal services were ceased in the South as a result of the Confederacy's postal service to assume control of this service as of that date (the Union reciprocated this postal suspension on 7 June). As such, as of this date too, the regular postal service in the South was limited to the Confederacy's territory only - and mail beyond its borders had to be serviced by a number of special & complex mail services/routes.


Product Tags: America,American, Confederate States of American Philately - Postal Piece, American Civil War - Confederate States of America and Postal History from United States, Confederate States of America and from 1861-65 American Civil War, 19th Century which are Philately - Stampless Mail, Philately - significant cachets & postal markings, Philately - Earliest/Latest, First/Last & Proving dates or places, Philately - Significant Rates/Periods, Philately - uncatalogued/undocumented varieties, Object Related Specifically to a Personality or Key Event,
Unsold: may be available for sale $1,499.00
The auction closed on Tuesday, 16 April 2019 20:00
71309
20 June 1861 Interim Independent/Confederate East Tennessee Civil War mail
12771309
Interim Independent / Confederate Tennessee era mail: stampless "MONTVALE Tenn 20th June 1861" manuscript dated cover to "Hon. Howell Cobb, RICHMOND, Virginia", with manuscript notation at top right "Pd 5 Cts". Interesting postal history: the Confederacy suspended Federal mail service within its borders as of 1 June - but not in Tennessee, whose government had not yet passed an Ordinance of Secession. The Ordinance was passed on 8 June, which initially turned the state into an independent state: although Tennessee only officially became a part of the Confederacy on 2 July, already on June 10th the Confederate postmaster general formally suspended US mail operations in the middle and western zones of the state - but not in the east, where the small locale of MONTVALE is located, which opposed secession.

Not a trivial matter: Tennessee would furnish more troops for the Union than every other Confederate state, combined. On 17 June the Confederacy took full control of the mail service in the whole state, and Tennessee formally joined the Confederacy on 2 July.

During the period of 1 June and 2 July the local postal service operated according to various and oftentimes contradictory procedures. Here this cover was postmarked per the newly instituted Confederate postage rate for letters whose delivery was under 500 miles: postage according to a system/legal authority not yet legally adopted by the independent state. From 1 June to 2 July there are no known instances of US postage stamps used on Tennessee mail, hence the manuscript franking as her. Intriguingly for mail from this Eastern zone, the addressee, Howell Cobb, was one of the founders of the Confederacy and served as the President of its Provisional Congress. The CSA Catalogue considers this Independent Tennessee State mail.


Product Tags: Confederate States of American Philately - Postal Covers, American Civil War - Confederate States of America and Postal History from Confederate States of America and from 1861-65 American Civil War, 19th Century which are Philately - Stampless Mail, Philately - significant cachets & postal markings, Philately - Earliest/Latest, First/Last & Proving dates or places, Philately - unusual postal procedures/fines/taxes, Philately - Small Locales, Philately - Significant Rates/Periods, Philately - Significant Route, Philately - Significant Addresses/Persons, Philately - Unusual Origin, Destination or Postal Link, Philately - Multiple Postal Authority/Period mail, Object Related Specifically to a Personality or Key Event,
Unsold: may be available for sale $499.00
The auction closed on Tuesday, 16 April 2019 20:00
71310
30 July 1861 Southbound Across-the-Lines Private Express LOUISVILLE-MACON mail
12171310
Southbound Across-the-Lines Private Express mail: JUL 30 1861 postmarked 3c star-die envelope (US #U27) from LOUISVILLE Kentucky to J. F. Dickinson of MACON Georgia, carried by the Adams Express Company, which tied its full-dated ADAMS EX. CO. circular datestamp to the embossed frank; the manuscript "2/-" near the frank was shorthand for the total express charge to pay over and above the domestic US postal fee (3c), 25 cents or "2 bits" - expressed as "2/-", as here & rare as usually not expressed on southbound mail.

The cross-border Adams express service required that southbound mail be enclosed within a pre-paid 3 cent US postal stationary cover (as per the US Postal Act of 1852, permitting courier services), itself placed in an outer envelope with the appropriate express fee enclosed and sent to the service's office in LOUISVILLE; there it was carried across the lines (initially by the LOUISVILLE-NASHVILLE railway line, then after expropriation by the CSA on 4 July, by horseback) to NASHVILLE, where it was sorted & placed in closed mailbags and forwarded by the express service to its furthest office in the direction of its destination, here AUGUSTA, where the inner cover was stamped AUG 3 by a full strike of the Adam's local office oval cachet on its last known date of use, and the cover entered into the CSA postal system for final delivery to MACON & tied by local unframed straight-line PAID 10 instructional mark on the front (similar to CSA Catalogue type I but narrower digits) to indicate that the Confederate postage rate had been paid (out of the 25c remitted to Adams for their service) - as the distance between the 2 locales was 121 miles and less than 500 for the 5 cent rate, the postage paid was probably double-rate for a 1 ounce letter.

This is a late-dated deep-south posted cover as from 5 AUG, Adams carried express mail only as far south as their NASHVILLE office before entering it into the Confederate postal system, and in any case the US Government forbade the continuation of across-the-lines express from 26 August (effected on the 30th). Carefully trimmed & repaired at right with bottom back flap added. Ex Knapp and Fisher, 1997 CSA certificate. CSA catalog type AES-02b valued at $2,500. Attractive cover with superb markings. Intriguing point of origin: Kentucky was a "border state" in the Civil War, which declared its neutrality in the conflict & de-facto "independent", but it housed both a pro-Union and a shadow pro-Confederacy government; its neutrality was violated by the Confederate Army on 4 Sept. 1861 causing it to side with the Union; LOUISVILLE itself was a Union Army stronghold.


Product Tags: America,American, Confederate States of American Philately - Postal Covers, American Civil War - Confederate States of America and Postal History from United States, Confederate States of America and from 1861-65 American Civil War, 19th Century which are Philately - Multiple Postal Authority/Period mail, Philately - significant cachets & postal markings, Philately - Earliest/Latest, First/Last & Proving dates or places, Philately - unusual postal procedures/fines/taxes, Philately - Significant Rates/Periods, Philately - Significant Route, Philately - Unusual Origin, Destination or Postal Link, Philately - uncatalogued/undocumented varieties, Philately - Besieged locale
Unsold: may be available for sale $1,199.00
The auction closed on Tuesday, 16 April 2019 20:00
71311
8/1861 Civil War Prize Court captured blockade-runner SOUTH CAROLINA-CUBA mail
12371311
Civil War 'Prize Court' captured "blockade-runner" mail: stampless AUG 15 [1861] postmarked cover from PENDLETON South Carolina to "Emilio Puig, Care of Spanish Consul, CHARLESTON S.C.", tied by full single strike of local circular datestamp in blue & [postage] PAID 5 handstamp (CSA type C) at top right. The year of dispatch is confirmed by the rate paid: on 1 July 1862 the domestic letter rate was increased to 10c regardless of distance, so here the 5c rate in August could only apply in 1861.

Puig was a Spanish citizen and resident of Charleston, believed to have been involved in smuggling Cuban commodities into the Confederacy through the Union blockade; he attempted to leave South Carolina for Cuba in 1861, and boarded the Spanish ferryboat "Nuesta Senora de Regla" on its way from NEW YORK to HAVANA, when it was forced to dock at GEORGETOWN (South Carolina) for repairs due to storm damage; the ship was seized at PORT ROYAL (South Carolina) on 1 Dec. 1861. A New York Times dispatch of 21 Dec. 1861 says that after the ship's entrance into the town, "some suspicious circumstances induced General Sherman to order a search... [and] hidden beneath the false bottom of a trunk... in a carpetbag under the pillow of the engineer... mail for Havana [was discovered as well as] other papers under the Consular seal."

Note: available histories of this & other Puig correspondences seized in this case say the Spanish boat was captured by USS Aries under the command of T. W. Sherman. A verification of the details reveals that Army Brigadier General Thomas West Sherman was indeed in charge of ground forces in the Nov. 3-7 "Port Royal Expedition" - but USS Aries was not part of that period's Union "Atlantic Blockading Squadron", and that such a ship - purpose-built for blockade-running & captured from the Confederacy - only entered Union service in 1863. As such the Union vessel involved is unknown at present, but the Spanish ship and cargo were taken to NEW YORK and entered as evidence of contraband in the city's "Prize Court", whereupon the Court Commissioner Henry H. Elliott penned the evidentiary docket "E 6" [evidence 6] case number and his initials "H.H.E" in red ink on the lower front of the cover. Puig, as a Spanish citizen, was held prisoner for violating neutrality laws, with his letters seized among the material to be used as evidence of the alleged illicit contraband-running, in the Prize Court. In the event, the US Government lost its case in Supreme Court as the ferry was declared neutral and the seizure without warrant (even so, Puig's letters were not returned to him). Reference CSA Catalog PC-01, catalogue value of the cover alone $3,500.

Here, a rare instance of a maritime seizure by the US Army rather than the Navy; also a rare route, as outbound [albeit] blockade-runners from South Carolina were serviced by NASSAU (Bahamas), and HAVANA served as a staging point for Mississippi, Louisiana & Texas. The concept of "Prizes" lies with admiralty law, which permits the seizure of goods from enemies at sea - and their retainment by the seizor, provided their capture is legal and can be so proven in a "Prize Court". Here this was not the case as the vessel was of a neutral country. Missing back flap, some top edge flaws.


Product Tags: America,American, Confederate States of American, Cuban, Spanish, Philately - Postal Covers, American Civil War - Confederate States of America and Postal History from United States, Confederate States of America, Cuba, Spain, and from 1861-65 American Civil War, 19th Century which are Philately - Stampless Mail, Philately - significant cachets & postal markings, Philately - Earliest/Latest, First/Last & Proving dates or places, Philately - Significant Rates/Periods, Philately - Significant Route, Philately - Significant Addresses/Persons, Philately - Unusual Origin, Destination or Postal Link, Philately - uncatalogued/undocumented varieties, Philately - Besieged locale, Object Related Specifically to a Personality or Key Event,
Unsold: may be available for sale $1,999.00
The auction closed on Tuesday, 16 April 2019 20:00
71312
4 May 1862 Confederate States Navy USS VIRGINIA/MERRIMACK drop-letter rate mail
13571312
Confederate States Navy / "MERRIMACK" / drop-letter rate mail: MAY 4 [1862] postmarked folded cover to Mrs. H. Ashton Ramsay, Care of D’Arcy Paul, Esq., PETERSBURG [Virginia], franked 5 cents using a single blue CSA 4-2 stamp with large to full margins, affixed with red sealing wax & tied by single strike of local postmark in blue - this being an overpaid 2 cent drop letter rate cover (eg. mailed to a local address at a post office without delivery service, and picked up by the addressee as like "poste restante" mail - in Civil War mail often evidenced by "care of" addresses); overpaid because pre-franked by the sender & no 2c stamp existed prior to CSA #8 in April 1863. Pencil notation on top left "Written on Ram Virginia" by the husband of the addressee, Henry Ashton Ramsay, the Chief Engineer on the CSS Virginia (commissioned into the Confederate Navy on 10 June 1861 and previously served in the US Navy). The co-addressee, Captain D’Arcy W. Paul served as an officer in Company K of the 12th Regiment Virginia Infantry, Mahone’s Division, in A. P. Hill’s 3rd Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia; he was accidentally killed by a falling tree on 20 January 1863. Ex Warren collection.

The CSS Virginia, also known as "Ram Virginia", was an ironclad ram of the Confederate Navy built from the hull of the scuttled USS Merrimack, part of the CSN's James River Squadron, and together with the USS Monitor it fought the world's first battle between ironclads, at Hampton Roads on 8-9 March; this letter was posted further up the James River a week before (11 May) the ship was scuttled near Portsmouth on the mouth of the river. Historic postal history from a key participant in maritime history. A curiosity: Confederate active service members were eligible for free postage (with the addressee bearing the cost). Though instituted for the Army, members of the Navy & Marines also made use of this exemption. The postage here may have been pre-paid as a courtesy, as the letter was actually being received by someone else for Ramsay's wife.


Product Tags: Confederate States of American Philately - Postal Covers, American Civil War - Confederate States of America and Postal History from Confederate States of America and from 1861-65 American Civil War, 19th Century which are Philately - significant cachets & postal markings, Philately - Earliest/Latest, First/Last & Proving dates or places, Unique/Discovery Piece, Philately - Significant Rates/Periods, Philately - Significant Addresses/Persons, Philately - Significant franks on covers, Philately - Unusual Origin, Destination or Postal Link, Philately - Military Post Offices or Military Administration, Philately - uncatalogued/undocumented varieties, Philately - Sea Mail/Paquebot, Object Related Specifically to a Personality or Key Event,
Unsold: may be available for sale $799.00
The auction closed on Tuesday, 16 April 2019 20:00
71313
Louisiana PATTERSONVILLE Confederate Army Reserve Corps couriered military mail
12371313
Confederate Army couriered mail: dateless/stampless cover addressed to "Captain Wm. Devlin, Com'dg C.S.R. Corps, PATTERSONVILLE, La [Louisiana]", with manuscript directive at lower left "Per Courier" & endorsement at top "Official | Hd. Qrs En'g. Officer | Psh of St. Mary". Opened roughly at right (piece missing); opened on all 3 sides for display. The cover was sent from the Headquarters of the Engineer Officer in the Parish of Saint Mary, Louisiana to William Devlin, commander of the Confederate States Reserve Corps in the Parish town of Pattersonville; sent as official mail, so stampless. Per other mail known sent to Devlin, he commanded Company A of the CSRC & was stationed "near" the locale; the unit itself is obscure with no additional documentation available & Devlin does not appear on the register of Louisiana Confederate servicemen. The parish and its key towns were the sites of battles in 1863, and the locale itself was the site of the Confederate victory of 28 March 1863 in the Battle of Pattersonville: it's likely this cover pre-dates this period. Confederate active service mail was otherwise not 'free': active servicemen (not including members of state militias) simply didn't have to prepay the postage fee - but the receiver had to cover the cost.


Product Tags: Confederate States of American Philately - Postal Covers, American Civil War - Confederate States of America and Postal History from Confederate States of America and from 1861-65 American Civil War, 19th Century which are Philately - Stampless Mail, Philately - significant cachets & postal markings, Philately - Significant Route, Philately - Military Post Offices or Military Administration, Philately - Official Mail, Philately - Besieged locale,
Unsold: may be available for sale $249.00
The auction closed on Tuesday, 16 April 2019 20:00
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