Jordan: Medal for the Battle of Karameh ("Midalat al-Ma'araqa al-Karama"), 1968; struck in gilded bronze and detailed with colored enamel; weight: 37.85g.
Obverse depicts three green colored soldiers in an anti-aircraft battery, with white missile overhead and Arab date "1968" below; on reverse legend in Arabic. This is a 3-piece medal consisting of the round medal itself, olive(?) leaves above, and soldiered loop holding the yellow-green-light blue ribbon.
This medal was instituted by King Hussein in 1969 and commemorates the defense of the village of Karama by Jordanian forces against an Israeli incursion on 21 March 1968, during the 1967-70 War of Attrition.
In this period, guerilla forces of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) operated out of Jordan against Israel; in March 1968 they attacked a school bus, which in turn led to an Israeli operation ("Operation Explosion" - Tofet) against the PLO base at Karameh, across the Jordan River. Israeli infantry, armoured and paratroop forces participated in the operation, and although Jordanian forces did not always participate in PLO operations, in this instance the Jordanian Army fought against the Israeli incursion.
In the end, the IDF took control of the village and cleared out the PLO forces, though they withdrew under Jordanian fire by that same evening. The battle at Karameh inflicted relatively heavy losses to both armies and the PLO, and exposed tactial errors among the IDF command. Ironically, the growing presence of the PLO in the late 1960's culminated in an assassination attempt by the organization on King Hussein, in 1970, which led him to quash its presence in Jordan in September of that year (an event known by the Palestinians as "Black September"). In EF-UNC.
מילות מפתח: מיליטריה מיליטאריה מדליות מדליה מזכרות מזכרת אות אותות יחידות יחידה הנצחה הוקרה צבאות ערב מזה"ת