IDF 582nd Anti-Aircraft Reconaissance ("sayeret") Battalion of the 317th [Reserve] Paratroop Brigade Yom Kippur War uniface commemorative medal, 1973; struck in silvered bronze; no maker-mark; weight, 84.1g; size, 59.5mm: the obverse depicts the emblems of both the parent unit, the eagle, and of the reconnaisance battalion below, with legend in Hebrew "Paratroop Brigade 317 Reconaissance Battalion - Anti-Aircraft 582 | Yom Kippur War 6.10.1973".
The 582nd Battalion's wartime story is a metaphor for the state of improvization in the IDF before and during the war: the force was originally founded in 1970 to be an airborne anti-aircraft motorized reconaissance unit at battalion strength for operations behind enemy lines and initially assigned to the 317th Paratroop Brigade.
At the start of 1973 this battalion was disbanded on the grounds that the nature of its future activites would incur it such losses that the public wouldn't be able to tolerate it. The day after the outbreak of the Yom Kippur War the battalion was resurrected and initially assigned back to the 317th Brigade, where it fought in the Golan; about a week later it was transferred to the southern Sinai front where it was attached to the 14th Armored ("Bison") Brigade and continued its operations there, sustaining the blow of the Egyptian attack (see the list of battles accredited to the 317th in item 0130054 for the major battles in which this "sayeret" also fought). In UNC, with lacquered surface.
מילות מפתח: מיליטריה מיליטאריה מדליות מדליה מזכרות מזכרת יחידות יחידה הנצחה הוקרה צה"ל צה"לי צבא מלחמת יום הכיפורים כיפור סיירת