Palestine/Israel: "Mishmar Ezrachi" ('Civil Guard') helmet, c. mid-late 1940's; by Pleese Ltd. of Holon. Shell in blue-gray w/2nd ver. Guard emblem in white; gray-green leather liner w/padded cloth base & brown leather chin strap w/"Pleese Ltd." in Heb. & Eng. Near-perfect condition: some paint missing; tear in liner's base. Un-uniformed volunt. force est. TLV 1938 & transferred to Hagana early '40s; helmet probably ex Independence War: Guard assigned civil air-defence duties (divided into zones in TLV), guarding check points, digging defensive ditches, org. civil. transport. bet. TLV & Jaffo, & looking for deserters. Disbanded 1949.