Palestine/Yishuv: South African Mk II steel helmet marked "Pakakh" ('Inspector') in Hebrew in white on the front, circa 1940's; shell not maker-marked (made by Transvaal Steel Pressing Syndicate), w/crimped edge & 3 holes in rear rim. Liner marked "Jäger-Rand 1940" & size "6 7/8"; w/oval olive-green felt top. Chin strap may be British Mk II, held by split-rivet securing lug. Black liner torn in places but fully intact. Helmet used by air-raid wardens, to help clear civilians from exposed areas during air raids, and may pre-date local manufacture of helmets by Pleese ('Brass') Ltd. of Holon (hence dated to early part WWII).