Germany: Gustav Landauer "Soviet/Conniving Republic" satire medal by Karl Goetz (ND), circa. 1919; bronze-copper cast; size: 58mm, weight: 55g.
Obverse: depicts three "shady" post-War characters - an unemployed type, a veteran, a huster-type (with a paper bearing the word "RESERVA"), with legend above "DIE RÄTE REPUBLIK" ("The Soviet Republic" - with "räte" written as a separate word as here, this may also be a play on words for "Republic of Devices"), and "BAIERN 7.-30.IV.1919" in exergue - note spelling of "Bavaria" with an "I".
Reverse: an image of Gustav Landauer (1870-1919; un-named) dancing and kissing hatted Lenin (his name appears on slip in his pocket), with Church spires at left and eastern Orthodox spires at right, with legend "LOS VOM REICH!" above and "ES LEBE DIE INTERNATIONAL" ("Long Live the 'International' [Socialist anthem]") along ribbon device below.
Relatively thin planchet, plain rim without Goetz's name stamped - his initials appear in exergue on reverse.
Kurt Eisner, who declared an independent Bavarian republic in November 1918 was murdered by a right-wing activist in February 1919, and the "Soviet Republic" which was subsequently declared in April of that year, in which Landauer, a pacifist Jew, served as "Commissioner of Enlightenment and Public Instruction", was swept away in May when right-wing militia forces took over Munich. Landauer, whose sole decree was to ban history lessons in Bavarian schools, was murdered by right-wing forces shortly after the taking of the city.
In AU, with some light traces of oxidation; the lettering of "Räte Republik" shows signs of doubling; Kirschner Nr. 45, Kienast-222.
מילות מפתח: מדליות אנטישמיות סטיריות מאה 19 20 יודאיקה יודאיכה גרמניה קארל גטס