Palestine/Austria: celluloid pin of "HeHalutz" Zionist movement, circa. 1910's/early 1920's; iron and cellulite; not maker-marked (Shmuel Kretchmer?); size: 21.75mm; weight: 2.15g. Depicts idyllic labor-Zionist design by Shmuel Kretchmer (a pupil of the Bezalel School). Kretchmer producing many famous designs for Zionist movement; between the world wars he relocated his factory from Jerusalem to Vienna, and it may be that this pin was made abroad (in Austria). "HeHalutz" began in early 1880s as a twin to religious-secular "Chovevei Zion" movement, the former preparing future immigrants to Palestine in Europe & the latter training immigrants in Palestine.