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1948 Besieged Jerusalem incoming convoy mail from outside Tel Aviv: 16 MAY 1948 (official 1st day of the Israel postal service) commercial cover on local branch Anglo-Palestine bank stationary from RISHON LEZION to the bank's branch in JERUSALEM, franked 10m using perforated Doar Ivri single tied by reintroduced Mandate double ring cancel: at this time no mail could reach Jerusalem by standard means, and lacking any markings or signs of having been couriered by land or air, this cover was held in TEL AVIV until the dispatch of either the first or second convoy to Jerusalem on 18/21 June. As not a registered mail item it was not backstamped on arrival, but definitely transmitted by convoy. Incoming convoy mail into Jerusalem is very rare (described in JSPS p.188 as being "only a handful of such letters [which have] survived to date, therefore they are very rare"), and although per JSPS (ibid) "All of the examples [of incoming convoy mail] recorded to date are from Tel Aviv", a small number of Jerusalem addressed period covers from outside Tel Aviv have surfaced since JSPS was published in 2004. A scarce route & origin + "first day" proper commercial cover. Slit open at top. Rishon LeZion's post office received the Israeli trilingual cancel on 1 July; the locale itself was under a semi-siege until 1 May.